- Kingsmoor Lower School, Kingsmoor Close, Flitwick, Bedfordshire, MK45 1EY
PSHE / RSE
PSHE (Personal, Social, Health Education) Policy
(Including Relationships and Health Education statutory from September 2020, and our position on Sex Education)
“Today’s children and young people are growing up in an increasingly complex world and living their lives seamlessly on and offline. This presents many positive and exciting opportunities, but also challenges and risks. In this environment, children and young people need to know how to be safe and healthy, and how to manage their academic, personal, and social lives in a positive way.”
“This is why we have made Relationships Education compulsory in all primary schools in England…as well as making Health Education compulsory in all state-funded schools.”
“In primary schools, we want the subjects to put in place the key building blocks of healthy, respectful relationships, focusing on family and friendships, in all contexts, including online. This will sit alongside the essential understanding of how to be healthy.”
“These subjects represent a huge opportunity to help our children and young people develop. The knowledge and attributes gained will support their own, and others’ wellbeing and attainment and help young people to become successful and happy adults who make a meaningful contribution to society.”
Secretary of State Foreword DfE Guidance 2019 p.4-5
“Schools are free to determine how to deliver the content set out in the DfE guidance 2019 in the context of a broad and balanced curriculum. Effective teaching in these subjects will ensure that core knowledge is broken down into units of manageable size and communicated clearly to pupils, in a carefully sequenced way, within a planned programme of lessons.”
DfE Guidance p.8
“All schools must have in place a written policy for Relationships Education and RSE.”
DfE Guidance p.11
Here at Kingsmoor School, we value PSHE as one way to support children’s development as human beings, to enable them to understand and respect who they are, to empower them with a voice and to equip them for life and learning.
We include the statutory Relationships and Health Education within our whole-school PSHE Programme.
To ensure progression and a spiral curriculum, we use Jigsaw, the mindful approach to PSHE, as our chosen teaching and learning programme and tailor it to children’s needs. The mapping document: Jigsaw 3-11 and statutory Relationships and Health Education, shows exactly how Jigsaw and therefore our school, meets the statutory Relationships and Health Education requirements.
This programme’s complimentary update policy ensures we are always using the most up to date teaching materials and that our teachers are well-supported.
Our PSHE policy is informed by existing DfE guidance:
- Keeping Children Safe in Education (statutory guidance)
- Respectful School Communities: Self Review and Signposting Tool (a tool to support a whole school approach that promotes respect and discipline)
- Behaviour and Discipline in Schools (advice for schools, including advice for appropriate behaviour between pupils)
- Equality Act 2010 and schools
- SEND code of practice: 0 to 25 years (statutory guidance)
- Alternative Provision (statutory guidance)
- Mental Health and Behaviour in Schools (advice for schools)
- Preventing and Tackling Bullying (advice for schools, including advice on cyberbullying)
- Sexual violence and sexual harassment between children in schools (advice for schools)
- The Equality and Human Rights Commission Advice and Guidance (provides advice on avoiding discrimination in a variety of educational contexts)
- Promoting Fundamental British Values as part of SMSC in schools (guidance for maintained schools on promoting basic important British values as part of pupils’ spiritual, moral, social, and cultural (SMSC)
- SMSC requirements for independent schools (guidance for independent schools on how they should support pupils' spiritual, moral, social, and cultural development).
The Jigsaw Programme is aligned to the PSHE Association Programmes of Study for PSHE.
What do we teach when and who teaches it?
Jigsaw covers all areas of PSHE for the primary phase including statutory Relationships and Health Education. The table below gives the learning theme of each of the six Puzzles (units), and these are taught across the school; the learning deepens and broadens every year.
Being Me in My World
Includes understanding my own identity and how I fit well in the class, school, and global community. Jigsaw Charter established.
Includes anti-bullying (cyber and homophobic bullying included) and understanding
Dreams and Goals
Includes goal setting, aspirations, who do I want to become and what would I like to do for work and to contribute to society
Includes drugs and alcohol education, self-esteem, and confidence as well as healthy lifestyle choices, sleep, nutrition, rest, and exercise
Includes understanding friendship, family and other relationships, conflict resolution and communication skills, bereavement, and loss
Includes Relationships in the context of coping positively with change
At Kingsmoor School we allocate at least one hour to PSHE each week in order to teach the PSHE knowledge and skills in a developmental and age-appropriate way.
These explicit lessons are reinforced and enhanced in many ways:
Assemblies and collective worship, Kingsmoor Values, Good to be Green rewards and sanctions system, Class Charter, through relationships child to child, adult to child and adult to adult across the school. We aim to ‘live’ what is learnt and apply it to everyday situations in the school community.
Class teachers deliver the weekly lessons to their own classes.
What does the DfE statutory guidance on Relationships Education expect children to know by the time they leave primary school?
Relationships Education in primary schools will cover ‘Families and people who care for me’, ‘Caring friendships’, ‘Respectful relationships’, ‘Online relationships’, and ‘Being safe’.
The expected outcomes for each of these elements can be found further on in this policy. The way the Jigsaw Programme covers these is explained in the mapping document: Jigsaw 3-11 and Statutory Relationships and Health Education which can be found on our website under ‘Key Information.’
It is important to explain that whilst the Relationships Puzzle (unit) in Jigsaw covers most of the statutory Relationships Education, some of the outcomes are also taught elsewhere in Jigsaw e.g., the Celebrating Difference Puzzle helps children appreciate that there are many types of family composition and that each is important to the children involved. This holistic approach ensures the learning is reinforced through the year and across the curriculum.
What does the DfE statutory guidance on Health Education expect children to know by the time they leave primary school?
Health Education in primary schools will cover ‘Mental wellbeing’, ‘Internet safety and harms’, Physical health and fitness’, ‘Healthy eating’, ‘Drugs, alcohol, and tobacco’, ‘Health and prevention’, ‘Basic First Aid’, ‘Changing adolescent body’.
The expected outcomes for each of these elements can be found further on in this policy. The way the Jigsaw Programme covers these is explained in the mapping document: Jigsaw 3-11 and Statutory Relationships and Health Education.
It is important to explain that whilst the Healthy Me Puzzle (unit) in Jigsaw covers most of the statutory Health Education, some of the outcomes are taught elsewhere in Jigsaw e.g., Emotional, and mental health is nurtured every lesson through the Calm me time, social skills are grown every lesson through the Connect us activity and respect is enhanced through the use of the Jigsaw Charter.
Also, teaching children about puberty is now a statutory requirement which sits within the Health Education part of the DfE guidance within the ‘Changing adolescent body’ strand, and in Jigsaw this is taught as part of the Changing Me Puzzle (unit) However, it has been agreed that this will be taught in Year 5 at Middle School.
Again, the mapping document transparently shows how the Jigsaw whole-school approach spirals the learning and meets all statutory requirements and more.
The DfE Guidance 2019 (p.23) recommends that all primary schools ‘have a sex education programme tailored to the age and the physical and emotional maturity of the pupils.
However, ‘Sex Education is not compulsory in primary schools’. (p. 23)
Schools are to determine the content of sex education at primary school. Sex education ‘should ensure that both boys and girls are prepared for the changes that adolescence brings and – drawing on knowledge of the human life cycle set out in the national curriculum for science - how a baby is conceived and born’.
At Kingsmoor, we believe children should understand the facts about human reproduction before they leave primary school. However, this is taught at our middle schools and so we do not teach Sex Education.
Therefore, the parent right to withdraw their child is not applicable. We are of course happy to discuss the content of the curriculum and invite you to contact us if you have any concerns.
Monitoring and Review
The Curriculum Committee of the governing body monitors this policy on an annual basis. This committee reports its findings and recommendations to the full governing body, as necessary, if the policy needs modification. The Curriculum Committee gives serious consideration to any comments from parents about the PSHE (RSHE) programme, and makes a record of all such comments. Governors scrutinise and ratify teaching materials to check they are in accordance with the school’s ethos.
This policy will inform the school’s Equalities Plan.
The DfE Guidance 2019 (p. 15) states, “Schools should ensure that the needs of all pupils are appropriately met, and that all pupils understand the importance of equality and respect. Schools must ensure they comply with the relevant provisions of the Equality Act 2010 under which sexual orientation and gender reassignment are amongst the protected characteristics…
At the point at which schools consider it appropriate to teach their pupils about LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender), they should ensure this content is fully integrated into their programmes of study for this area of the curriculum rather than delivered as a stand-alone unit or lesson. Schools are free to determine how they do this, and we expect all pupils to have been taught LGBT content at a timely point as part of this area of the curriculum”.
At Kingsmoor School, we promote respect for all and value every individual child. We also respect the right of our children, their families, and our staff, to hold beliefs, religious or otherwise, and understand that sometimes these may be in tension with our approach to some aspects of Relationships, Health, and Sex Education.
This policy is reviewed annually.
Signed Chair of Governors
Date of review: Sept’ 2021
Date of next review: Sept’ 2023
PSHE and RHE at Kingsmoor
At Kingsmoor Lower School, we believe that our carefully planned curriculum, along with our values-based education, dedication to British Values and pastoral care, will equip all children with the knowledge and skills to become well-educated and rounded young adults, ready to take their place in the world. We aim to provide children with a nurturing environment and opportunities to reach their full potential, spiritually, emotionally, intellectually, morally, physically and socially.
PSHCE and RHE is taught in weekly sessions. We follow the ‘Jigsaw’ scheme of work that is logically sequenced so that themes are built upon and revisited, allowing children to grow in confidence. RHE is taught by the class teacher through engaging and exciting activities, which allow for open discussion and debate. These activities are planned in an age-appropriate way and take into consideration the children’s understanding and previous knowledge. Around the school, we promote good behaviour and positive character traits, including respect, honesty, courage and kindness. To do this, we have clear and high expectations on behaviour. This promotes a sense of belonging, identity and pride along with good mental wellbeing.
Following the implementation of the broad and age-appropriate curriculum, children will be respectful, independent, responsible and confident members of society within our community and the wider world. Children’s understanding of our curriculum will be assessed through creative ways such as quizzes and self-expression to show what they have learnt throughout each unit. The children will be equipped with the skills needed to maintain positive and healthy lifestyles, relationships and contributions to society. These can be seen when meeting the children at our school as the children show their values, manners and understand how to interact safely with others. As they become more confident throughout each RHE theme, children will understand their personal role in society.